Whether it is sun spots, age spots, freckles, sun damage, or melasma – skin pigmentation is a common issue. While imperfections can be beautiful, you cannot deny that if not appropriately addressed, those tiny brown spots adorning your cheeks or nose can become a real problem. Hyperpigmentation is usually harmless. However, it may also indicate an underlying medical condition.
If you got these spots because you didn’t take proper care of your skin, you can take steps to fade them.
Skin pigmentation is caused by melanin, a pigment in our skin that gives it colour. Normally, the amount of melanin in our skin stays constant, but in the case of hyperpigmentation, the distribution of melanin is uneven, creating a blotchy appearance. Skin pigmentation often occurs via sun damage, melasma, hormonal imbalance, or injury to the skin.
Most cases of pigmentation can be classified as “post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation”, which appear as dark spots on your face and neck caused by acne or other injuries on the face. Your melanin levels rise as your skin heals from injury, and the spots can remain for weeks after the cause.
Skin pigmentation can be difficult to treat because you can’t just peel away the sunspots from your skin. It’s relatively harmless, though some people might choose removal options for aesthetic reasons.
Some people are more prone to skin pigmentation than others, and its severity can depend on factors like your lifestyle, genetics, and even your age. If you’re cosmetically concerned about your skin pigmentation, it’s best to consult us at Dermotique.